Is it, for envying, that the spirit which hath taken an abode within us doth crave? Or do you imagine that this spirit of passionate jealousy is the Spirit he has caused to live in us? (D Edmond Hiebert - James - Highly Recommended Commentary - Any commentary written by Hiebert is excellent! Several of the translations emphasize this latter view by dividing verse 5 into two separate sentences…, Or think ye that the scripture speaketh in vain? speech seeking friendship with the world (Jas. Do they think Scripture speaks "without reason" or emptily? But that shouldn’t distract preachers from the clear, strong, timely emphasis on the importance of considering the effects of what we say. Thanks for your commentary on James 4:8 it was a big help to me, in my preperation of my sermon on the topic of the purity of the heart!God bless you Grant. Michael Andrus applies this passage first ntoing "Verse 5 is difficult to translate, and your Bible probably has several footnotes offering various translations. (1-3) The rich and the illusion of wealth. Crossway Books), George Stulac in the IVP NT Commentary series has a well done analysis of this difficult section of James. He wrote to encourage them to live asChristians should, i… "Spirit" here is probably not a reference to the Holy Spirit, but rather to the human spirit, and the point is that God jealousy desires our total allegiance. The Holy Spirit's true love for us evokes a proper intolerance of straying affection. He calls these people—men and women—"adulteresses." 2 For d we all stumble in many ways. He can brook no rival for our affection. That's why He, wants us all to Himself. Thus, in Jas 4:4-note James has accused his readers of spiritual unfaithfulness. Come now, you rich, weep and howl for your miseries that are coming upon you! Dan Fontenot 11/18/20 - Web-Series. In other words is James referring to the Holy Spirit (which would be his only reference in the book) or to the spirit of man? The Scripture speaks - Scripture is personified. Spiritual enablement flows from God through Him to us. (George Stulac - IVP NT Commentary - James 4:4-5 Don't You Know the Choice to Be Made) (Bolding added). If we then try to make prayer a means of getting from Him something we want more than we want Him, we are like a wife who asks her husband for money to visit another lover. The Bible Reader's Companion. Both because of the absence of an explicit subject and the relative scarcity of the causative katoikizo ("cause to dwell") compared to the intransitive katoikeo (live, dwell") in Biblical Greek… it is easy to see why scribes would replace katokisen with katokesen (Ed: Replacing "i" with an "e" changes the root verb [lemma] from katoikizo to katoikeo)… On internal and external grounds, katokisen is the preferred reading. 2. (Rotherdam), Hiebert favors two separate sentences and comments that "Lenski supports the view that verse 5 consists of two sentences by pointing out that the wording of the first part of the verse never occurs elsewhere as a formula of quotation; he insists, "If a quotation were to follow, we should certainly expect the addition, `saying that.' James 5 – The Life of a Living Faith A. b. If we love the world, we will eventually envy those who have the things of this world. Most modern translations favor katoikizo while the KJV (based on the Greek Textus Receptus) favors the verb katoikeo. The questions exposing the source (James 4:1) They are therefore directed, before things come to the worst, to lay aside their vain mirth and their sensual … Friends, it's not difficult to be a friend of the world and a friend of God at the same time; its impossible! The NIV has chosen to muddy the waters by conflating (bringing together, combining two readings of a text into a composite whole) two consecutive Greek terms, phthonon (“envy, jealousy”) and epipothei ("express strong desire for") (NIV = "the spirit he caused to live in us envies intensely"). How perfectly James follows the teachings of the Master, who said, "Blessed are they that mourn, for they shall be comforted" (Matthew 5:4). Resist the devil, and he will flee from you. There is not only a question regarding the most accurate Greek text (see below for discussion of the verb to dwell) but also the question of how the Greek text is most accurately interpreted grammatically. (see Pr 6:32, 33, 34, 35-notes), Motyer - God’s people are indwelt by God’s Spirit and there is no way in which the living presence of that Spirit is compatible with those sinful yearnings and promptings to self-interest which are destructive of the peace of the church. To take Jas 4:5b as a Scriptural confirmation of human jealousy would require that the author has returned to his description of human nature in Jas 4:1, 2, 3, but in Jas 4:4-note James has issued a call to repentance, warning his readers that friendship with the world means enmity with God. In James 4 there is a logical progression throughout the chapter, while still allowing some verses to cover individual topics. I think the best is the NASB translation: "God jealously longs for the spirit that He made to live in us." Read full chapter. Or do you think - Parallels the introduction to Jas 4:4 "do you not know". THE SPIRIT… YEARNETH FOR US EVEN UNTO JEALOUS ENVY. But the mistake of thy life consists in this, that He hath not thee. In other words, God is jealous to be the object of our spirits greatest delight. James 5:3 Your gold and silver is cankered; and the rust of them shall be a witness against you, and shall eat your flesh as it were fire. 2 My brothers, 1 w show no partiality as you hold the faith in our Lord Jesus Christ, x the Lord of glory. There are at least 4 points of difficulty: (1) Is the word spirit the subject or the object of the main verb desires? Grant on June 27, 2011 at 8:43 am Audrey, sorry to get back to you so late. As if it were not clear enough, James explains (in Jas 4:5) why this is offensive to God: "He jealously desires the Spirit which He has made to dwell in us." As if it were not clear enough, James explains (in Jas 4:5) why this is offensive to God: "He jealously desires the Spirit which He has made to dwell in us." (James : Faith that works. (NLT - Tyndale House) God is either our first and greatest delight, or he is our enemy. 3. Practical Instructions For Your Daily Life Journey. James 4:5 REV and Commentary - Or do you think that the Scripture says in vain, the spirit that he caused to live in us y - Bible verse Click chart to enlarge Reprinted by permission. (1) The question of rebuke (James 4:4a) Envying Intensely (4:5) "Or do you think Scripture says without reason that the spirit he caused to live in us envies intensely?" (MacArthur, J.: The MacArthur Study Bible Nashville: Word), John MacArthur is not alone in his interpretation, C H Spurgeon commenting that…, There is a spirit, resident in the natural man, the human nature of man, which is always inclined toward hate and envy, always wanting to get somewhat from other men, and always grieved if other men seem to be or to have more than the person himself has. James 4:1-5 New International Version (NIV) Submit Yourselves to God. Thanks for the blessing. 1981. 5-Day Commentary Challenge - James 4. (Martin, R. P. Vol. Update. This new volume on James brings together all the relevant aids to exegesis - linguistic, textual, archaeological, historical, literary and theological - to enable the scholar to have a complete knowledge and understanding of this old testament book. Phthonos thus is generally given a negative connotation in biblical usage. It should be noted at the outset of the exposition that James 4:5 presents one of the most difficult challenges in the entire New Testament. The present tense indicates this strong desire is continual. Some has rephrased James 4:5, 6 to read, "Do you think that Scripture says without reason that the Holy Spirit, whom God caused to live in us, jealously wants us exclusively to Himself in order to pour out His grace on us generously? Phillips: Do you think what the scriptures have to say about this is a mere formality? When at last he came to pride, he touched the first and fundamental sin. The injunction against censoriousness (James 4:11–12) Let men think to set grief at defiance, yet God can bring it upon them; none laugh so heartily but he can turn their laughter into mourning; and this the unconcerned Christians James wrote to are threatened should be their case. Linguistic. - John Blanchard, God, as a jealous God, is filled with a burning desire for our holiness, for our righteousness, for our goodness. We are brides of Christ, and the Holy Spirit does not want us to go somewhere else to "have our needs met." This, to some scholars, is contrary to its normal usage in the New Testament, and it is therefore considered to be doubtful. Two terms for "envy," phthonos and zelos, are sometimes interchangeable, and zelos is used elsewhere of God. And if anyone does not stumble in what he says, e he is a perfect man, f able also to bridle his whole body. Both translations fit the preceding context well. Fighting to be a Man of God. ", When we lust, covet, and create strife, we embrace the world's values (Jas 4:1-4), and this stirs up God's jealousy. “The Spirit he caused to live in us longs jealously” (NIV second alternative rendering). It's not the yearning of a subject for his master, like that of my dog Shep, but of "the" Master for His subject. ESV: Or do you suppose it is to no purpose that the Scripture says, “He yearns jealously over the spirit that he has made to dwell in us”? Sinful desires and affections stop prayer, and the working of our desires toward God. Even in our worship we can be found fighting against God. Duncan on June 27, 2011 at 8:12 am Thanks for this commentary. Certainly envy, jealousy, and … This view harmonizes with the natural force of the relative clause. All idolized treasures will soon perish, except as they will rise up in judgment against their possessors. Play Video You lust for what you don’t have and are willing to … (2) Is the spirit to be written with a little or big "s"? They come about because you want your own way, and fight for it deep inside yourselves. This is the significance of the introductory conjunction "or." This rendering fits the immediate context better than the NIV text, "that the spirit he caused to live in us tends toward envy." After all, don't we all like someone to care that much about us? Are you confused yet? The various translations at the beginning of this note (click) have been divided into those who interpret pneuma as the Divine Spirit or the human spirit. The justification for the prohibition (James 4:11b–12), The reaction of living faith to presumptuous planning (4:13–17) Take heed of defrauding and oppressing; and avoid the very appearance of it. 8:16; T Sim. John 15:4-5. Grant on June 27, 2011 at 8:44 am Duncan, thank you as well. All sin proceeds from the prideful illusion that self has the authority to determine right and wrong. The following discussion will briefly discuss these problematic areas but the interested reader is referred to more academic resources for more detail. Victor, Pfeiffer, C F: Wycliffe Bible Commentary. The person of Jesus Christ must be the Sun of our system, though that system may include many planets beside. James Audio Bible With Music And Commentary. It makes us God's enemy. (4) Godly humility (James 4:10) (James 1:22). The presumption in the attitude (James 4:14) Douglas J. Moo, in his commentary on James, writes about the background of the epistle: “The epistle of James has had a controversial history.Along with 1 and 2 Peter, 1, 2 and 3 John, and Jude, it belongs to that category of New Testament epistles called ‘general’ or ‘catholic’ (in the sense of ‘universal’) (See catholic epistles). We tend to think of ourselves in a certain way, a persona that we want to project to others. Font Size. The Message of James: The Tests of Faith: Inter-Varsity Press). Or do you imagine that this spirit of passionate jealousy is the Spirit he has caused to live in us? Thanks for your commentary on James 4:8 it was a big help to me, in my preperation of my sermon on the topic of the purity of the heart!God bless you Grant. Greek: e dokeite (2PPAI) hoti kenos e graphe legei, (3SPAI) pros phthonon epipothei (3SPAI) to pneuma o katokisen (3SAAI) en hemin? The better-attested verb "causes to live" (katokisen) most naturally points to a distinctive experience that is not true of all men and is best taken as referring directly to the Spirit's impartation at regeneration. Even though many interpreters prefer to take God as the subject of epipothei Hort, p 93, 94; Ropes, p 263; Dibelius, p 223, 24; Mayor, p 144,145; Mussner, p 142, 43), the same thought could be expressed in terms of God at work in the believer through the Holy Spirit, which opposes the jealous or envious tendencies of our “earthly” human nature. [⇑ See verse text ⇑] In the previous verse, James said an alarming thing: There is an approach to life that feels normal to us as human beings. On the other hand, a reference to God's jealousy fits the flow of thought well. Lehman Strauss - We might paraphrase this to read as follows: "The Spirit, who hath taken up His abode in us, enviously yearns over us." English Standard Version (ESV) Bible Book List. No purpose (2756) (kenos) means literally to be without something material and thus means empty or without content. Ye have heaped treasure together for the last days. Do you think they just happen? You fight and 2 war. MLB (Berkley): Or do you suppose the Scripture speaks to no purpose? 1. James 4:5. He will not play second fiddle to anyone. Katoikeo (2730) is the much more commonly used Greek verb (45x in 43 NT verses) meaning literally to reside and figuratively speaking of God dwelling in the heart (1Co 3:16), of demons dwelling humans (Mt 12:45), of God dwelling in the temple (Mt. Thanks for the blessing. James used a powerful word in the phrase, resists the proud: “Sets himself in battle array against him.” (Clarke) “God resisteth the proud, ‘setteth himself in battle-array against such,’ above all other sorts of sinner, as invaders of his territories, and foragers or plunderers of his chief treasures.” (Trapp) c. He went so far as to speak of them as adulterers and adulteresses (Jas 4:4); and then adopting a gentler, pleading tone, he says, "You are grieving the gentle Holy Spirit who has come to dwell within you, who yearns with a jealous envy to possess your entire nature for Himself.". Thanks to David for his explanation and description of were we should be in life. "More grace,"-this is our greatest help out of all difficulties. (4:5) Verse 5 is difficult to understand with precision. It is best to treat phthonon as an adverb (“with envy, with jealousy, jealously”) and to see “God” as the subject and “the spirit” as the object of the verb. James would be answering this in Jas 4:5 by reminding us of God's jealousy. He warns “the rich” to “weep and wail for the miseries that are coming to you” (James 5:1). 23:21), of Satan dwelling where Antipas was killed (Rev. The Spirit, who took up His abode in us, yearns jealously over us. Why? Chart from recommended resource Jensen's Survey of the NT - used by permission Commentaries; Gospel tract packs of 100; Any other item already on sale; Related Products & More. (Ed: In other words, the NET Bible translators and most other scholars favor the conclusion that James used the rare verb katoikizo rather than the more common verb katoikeo which is favored by the Greek Textus Receptus [KJV]. 1981. “Ye ask amiss, that ye may consume it (your object of prayer) upon (literally, ‹in‘) your lusts (literally, ‹pleasures‘)”; not that ye may have the things you need for the service of God. The Spirit within jealously guards our relationship to God, and the Spirit is grieved when we sin against God’s love. 5. 1. The origin of wars and contentions, and the wretched lot of those who are engaged in them, James 4:1, James 4:2.Why so little heavenly good is obtained, James 4:3.The friendship of the world is enmity with God, James 4:4, James 4:5.God resists the proud, James 4:6.Men should submit to God, and pray, James 4:7, James 4:8.Should humble themselves, James 4:9, James 4:10. Our God is jealous of His work in us (Jas 4:5). And Jas 4:4 says, if we become "friends" with the world, we become "enemies" of God. James 4-5 - Commentary Day #2. James 4:5-6. An emphasis on God's jealousy for righteousness in us is equally consistent with what James has emphasized in the letter. This Sunday’s passage involves one of the more peculiar passages in the New Testament. Macent: or do you imagine that passage of scripture to be insignificant, "does the spirit that dwells in you, incite you to vice?" Wherefore he saith, God resisteth the proud, but giveth grace unto the humble. 4. Once we have recognised this , the writings seem to come alive. 2. Excellent and helpful in my study of James Chapter 4. This view also is supported by the assertion in the first part of verse 6, which stands in close connection with verse 5b. "More grace,"-this is the universal recipe for all that we need: "He giveth more grace. b. The rebuke of their self-sufficient attitude (James 4:13–14) James 5:1 Go to now, ye rich men, weep and howl for your miseries that shall come upon you. 5 Days – An Introduction To Reading The Bible. 2:13), of Christ dwelling in His people by faith (Eph 3:17), of the fullness of God dwelling in Christ (Col. 1:19), of the fullness of Deity dwelling in Christ bodily (Col 2:9), and of righteousness dwelling in the new heaven and earth (2Pe 3:13). NET: Or do you think the scripture means nothing when it says, "The spirit that God caused to live within us has an envious yearning"? This alternative is highly improbable. This jealous Spirit is inside us. b. 4 1-2 Where do you think all these appalling wars and quarrels come from? 2 You lust and do not have. Ideas include (1) James quoted from some unknown apocryphal work (2) The quote is an unrecorded statement of James' half brother Jesus. 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