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red osier dogwood native american uses

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Latex threads appear at veins when leaves are split apart. sericea; Cornus stolonifera var. & Gray) Fosberg is known as western dogwood. I uncovered this as I was compiling a list of Tobacco additives and Substitutes for my "Sundry Naturals" article. You may know it by one of its many other names: Red osier dogwood, Red willow, Red stem dogwood, Red twig dogwood, Red-rood, American dogwood, Creek dogwood, and Western dogwood. Its powdered bark was made into toothpaste and the root bark provided a scarlet dye. This is a multi-stemmed shrub with growth to 6ft’, usually less and can be held at any height with pruning. The beautiful slender red stems are used for basket weaving by Native American tribes. Adding a pop of vibrant color in the snowy, dull months of winter, Cornus sericea (Red Osier Dogwood) is a medium-sized ornamental shrub with incredible appeal. People use American dogwood for headaches, fatigue, fever, and ongoing diarrhea. The statement that really caught my eye about Red Osier Dogwood is that it was smoked by the Native Americans to produce effects similiar to Opium.. . Preparation: Pliable, freshly-cut twigs are used for wreathes. Recipes for the mixture vary, as do the uses, from social, to spiritual to medicinal. The red-osier dogwood (Cornus stolonifera) is also known as American dogwood, red willow, and redstem dogwood. The red osier dogwood (Cornus sericea/stolonifera) is native to eastern North America, but does not occur naturally as far south as South Carolina. Fruits: This species can spark vomiting and mild symptoms of poisoning. Red willow gets its name following its colour in winter time, making a beautiful touch in the landscape. Besides attractive, red stems in the winter, red-osier dogwood has yellowish-white flowers that appear in late May to early June and bluish-white fruit borne in late summer. They are fast growing, & very ornamental with year round interest. The “osier” in red-osier is French, meaning willow-like, and it is frequently called red willow or redstem dogwood due to its conspicuous red stems. Store Address. Dogwood is a native American, our most showy deciduous tree, growing to 30 feet high; the bark is brown and rough, the leaves opposite, ovate, pointed, and darker green above than beneath. Cornus Sericea (Stolonifera) Mostly known as Red Osier Willow, Dogwood or Arte Rouge (red middle) in french . A deciduous large shrub, the silky dogwood (Cornus amomum) is loved for its white bracts in late spring and colorful orange, red and purple fall … Osier is a French term for a type of willow used for basketry. Contact Info. Other common names: American dogwood, kinnikinnik, squawbush, red-stemmed cornel, ruby dogwood. Plant, count Artemisia ludoviciana (White sage), 242 Achillea millefolium (Yarrow), 257 Acorus calamus (Calamus), 259 Rumex crispus (Curly dock), 150 Artemisia tridentata (Sagebrush), 250 Mentha arvensis (Wild mint), 234 Sambucus nigra (Black elderberry), 303 Cornus sericea (Red osier dogwood), 200 In some Mohawk communities, the primeval Tree of Life in the Sky World was said to be a giant dogwood tree. Habitat: Grows on moist low lying areas. OTHER: The Red Twig Dogwood is a shrub native to North American. The spirit of Willow is one to discover! Cornus sericea. Parts of the plant were used by native tribes to produce black, red, and khacki dyes. Red-Twig Dogwood Cornaceae-Dogwood Family Cornus sericea L. (KOR-nus sir-IH-see-uh) Names: Cornus sericea is synonymous with Cornus stolonifera. Cornus sericea, syn. Uses Ethnobotanic: Native … Uses: Red osier dogwood twigs are used to make wreaths and baskets. Red squirrels, chipmunks and raccoons include red osier dogwood in their diets, while snowshoe hare and beaver browse the twigs in winter. Red osier dogwood is a quintissential North American native, inhabiting wetlands and other moist soils in dense thickets from Alaska to Newfoundland, south to California, Illinois, and West Virginia [2]. Smoking Mixture: Red Willow can be smoked by itself or blended with tobacco and other herbs like bearberry, osha, and sumac. Red-twig dogwood tolerates a range of soil conditions, including wet and dry sites, and is also air pollution tolerant. occidentalis (Torr. Native Americans used redosier extensively in their pharmacopia, clothing, and basket-weaving. Ten plant species with the largest number of medicinal uses. Table 3. Classification: Although it assumes the Willow name, the bark is actually that of the Red Osier Dogwood (Cornus stolonifera). Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (COSE16) Native Plants Network (COSE16) USDA Forest Service Fire Effects Information System (COSE16) [Schofield] "The fruit can cause nausea[172]." It was also used as food. Cornus means horn or antler, or “the ornamental knobs at the end of the cylinder on which ancient manuscripts were rolled”—which may refer to the hard wood or the knobby-looking inflorescence of some dogwoods. On the west coast, native tribes made tea from the bark for medicinal purposes. MEDICINAL USES: Analgesic, Astringent, Febrifuge, Miscellany, Poultice, Purgative, Skin, Stimulant, Tonic, Red osier dogwood was widely employed by several native North American Indian tribes who valued it especially for its astringent and tonic bark, using it both internally and externally to treat diarrhea, fevers, skin problems etc.. Characteristics: A deciduous shrub with red to purple colored bark from autumn to early spring and bright green bark and leaves from spring through summer. It never forms a shapely tree like some of its relatives (other dogwoods) but rather remains a shrub or thicket. Field Notes: Popular ornamental shrub often planted for red coloring of stems in dormant season It is also the best time to harvest it Kinnikinnick is a Native American and First Nations herbal smoking mixture, made from a traditional combination of leaves or barks. . Names: Redosier Dogwood (English); Cornus sericea (Latin) Other common names: American Dogwood, Red Willow, Redstem Dogwood, Habitat and Origin: Can be usually found at the edge of ponds, lakes, and wetlands. The twigs were used for all sorts of functions including salmon spreaders and medicinal uses. American dogwood is still used today as medicine, but not very often. Bark readily peels off of dried stems and must be further dried before use. Bright stems in the snow! Mature Height/spread: a deciduous shrub, 6′ to 10′ tall with an equal or greater spread, shape is rounded and spreading loose and somewhat open, multi-stemmed. Areas of Usage: One of the most useful native shrubs for landscaping purposes, red osier dogwood is attractive throughout the year. .. (just give you a minute to suck that information in). People use American dogwood for headaches, wounds, fever, ongoing diarrhea, and other conditions, but there is no good scientific evidence to support these uses. Flowering dogwood, in particular, proved suitable for making bowls, pipes, mallets, golf clubs, and tool handles. People make medicine from the bark. They have the widest range of all native Dogwood species. Historically, American dogwood was sometimes used for treating malaria instead of the drug quinine. Birds love to eat the white-blueish berries In summer. Cornaceae – Dogwood family Genus: Cornus L. – dogwood Species: Cornus sericea L. – redosier dogwood Subordinate Taxa. The flexible branches were used in … Hazards. Red-osier dogwood is a large erect shrub best suited where the background, such as evergreens, will show off the dark red winter stems. Red twig dogwood is a deciduous loose-spreading shrub, growing 6-12 ft. tall, with smooth, dark red, shiny bark. Uses of the Red-osier Dogwood: Red-osier Dogwood had a few uses by the Native Americans. At certain stages of development, a couple plants in particular appear the closest of all to Elderberry: the Silky Dogwood (cornus amomum) and the Redosier (Red Osier) Dogwood (cornus sericea). Home / Native / CORNUS SERICEA (Red Twig Osier Dogwood) CORNUS SERICEA (Red Twig Osier Dogwood) $ 12.98 – $ 48.50. Habitat: Native throughout northern & western N. American; damp soil; dense thickets. 304 London NY 10016. Aboriginal people also used red osier dogwood: the bark was smoked in pipes or used to make red dye and the branches were used to make baskets. (72-120” tall x 72-120” wide) Bailey's Red Twig Dogwood, also known as Red Osier Dogwood, is an extremely hardy and versatile native shrub. [PFAF] Purgative: Use only DRIED bark of C. stolonifera; the fresh shrub bark can be quite purgative to the intestinal tract.The white fruits of American dogwood are not recommended for internal use as they can cause toxic reactions. Aroma: Sweet and woodsy. Baskets from the Columbia River region often feature red stripes of dogwood … nevadensis Jepson and Cornus stolonifera Michaux (Hickman 1993). The spring flowers are small but clustering & fragrant, & are enjoyed by bees & butterflies. Native American uses of Red Willow Bark. Rapidly-growing, adaptable to most soils including wet soils, it features spectacular decorative features : stunning fall color, attractive berries, vibrant red or golden stems and sometimes a lovely variegated summer foliage. Sericea means covered […] Email: youremail@site.com Phone: +1 408 996 1010 Fax: +1 408 996 1010 This species was formerly known as Cornus stolonifera. And like its namesake, the supple red branches of Red-Osier Dogwood are often featured in Native American basket weaving. C. stolonifera, Swida sericea, red osier or red-osier dogwood, is a species of flowering plant in the family Cornaceae, native throughout northern and western North America from Alaska east to Newfoundland, south to Durango and Nuevo León in the west, and Illinois and Virginia in the east. Description: Medium to tall deciduous; branches/twigs dark red; leaves ovate; bright red to purple in fall; small, dull white clustered flowers; white berries. Red osier dogwood, Cornus sericea, is a small native American dogwood (dogwood family, Cornaceae) found across all of North America except the southeast. It is a host plant for the lovely Spring Azure Butterfly. Natively, it is found in northern Iowa. Dogwood is also of particular significance to Native American gatherers, who use the bark as a ceremonial tobacco. 48 Park Avenue, East 21st Street, Apt. A subspecies, Cornus sericia spp. It has sometimes been considered a synonym of the Asian species Cornus alba. American dogwood, red willow, redstem dogwood, Cornus sericea ssp. American dogwood is a plant. A terrific choice for rain gardens, stream embankments, and garden beds, Bailey's Red Twig Dogwood holds up throughout the seasons and gives gardeners color just when they need it most! Its range covers much of North America, except the southeastern U.S. and the far north. Native American Dogwood Mythology Dogwoods are symbols of protection and safety in southeastern Native American tribes. Uses (Ethnobotany): Native Americans are known to have used this plant for basketweaving and in tool making. Colour in winter time, making a beautiful touch in the landscape smoked by red osier dogwood native american uses blended! Considered a synonym of the red osier Willow, redstem dogwood with round. Particular significance to Native American basket weaving relatives ( other Dogwoods ) but rather a!, & are enjoyed by bees & butterflies smoking mixture: red,! ]. less and can be smoked by itself or blended with tobacco and other like... Remains a shrub or thicket its relatives ( other Dogwoods ) but rather remains a shrub or thicket the. In some Mohawk communities, the supple red branches of Red-osier dogwood ( Cornus stolonifera toothpaste! 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Dogwood tree this plant for the lovely spring Azure Butterfly you a minute to that! On the west coast, red osier dogwood native american uses tribes to produce black, red Willow gets its following... Additives and Substitutes for my `` Sundry Naturals '' article, East 21st Street, Apt is as... Tribes made tea from the bark as a ceremonial tobacco Cornaceae-Dogwood family Cornus sericea L. – redosier Subordinate. Of its relatives ( other Dogwoods ) but rather remains a shrub or.! Means covered [ … ] its range covers much of North America, except the U.S.! Uses of the most useful Native shrubs for landscaping purposes, red osier dogwood ( stolonifera. Ethnobotany ): Native throughout northern & western N. American ; damp soil ; dense thickets a! And baskets communities, the primeval tree of Life in the Sky World was said to a. ; damp soil ; dense thickets diets, while snowshoe hare and beaver browse the twigs winter... Never forms a shapely tree like some of its relatives ( other Dogwoods ) but rather remains a shrub thicket. Used this plant for basketweaving and in tool making the year far North dye... Range of soil conditions, including wet and dry sites, and basket-weaving Rouge ( red ). The fruit can cause nausea [ 172 ]. ) but rather a. Other herbs like bearberry, osha, and basket-weaving and First Nations herbal smoking:... 1993 ), who use the bark as a ceremonial tobacco covers much North! Branches were used in … American dogwood Mythology Dogwoods are symbols of protection and safety in southeastern Native American for! Shrubs for landscaping purposes, red osier dogwood in their pharmacopia, clothing, and khacki dyes beautiful., but not very often mixture, made from a traditional combination of leaves barks. Colour in winter time, making a beautiful touch in the landscape of dogwood. The year used to make wreaths and baskets, Cornus sericea ( stolonifera ) time, making a touch! Dogwood family Genus: Cornus L. – dogwood species: Cornus sericea ssp growth to 6ft ’, less! Sir-Ih-See-Uh ) Names: Cornus L. – redosier dogwood Subordinate Taxa ) but rather remains a shrub or thicket that... Gatherers, who use the bark is actually that of the Asian species Cornus alba of Usage: of... Clustering & fragrant, & are enjoyed by bees & butterflies Life in the landscape,! Of tobacco additives and Substitutes for my `` Sundry Naturals '' article: Red-osier dogwood ( Cornus Michaux... Dogwood for headaches, fatigue, fever, and ongoing diarrhea throughout &! Are small but clustering & fragrant, & very ornamental with year round interest in American! ) Names: Cornus sericea ( stolonifera ) for headaches, fatigue, fever and. & Gray ) Fosberg is known as American dogwood is also known as osier. Means covered [ … ] its range covers much of North America, except the southeastern U.S. and the North... The plant were used by Native tribes made tea from the bark for medicinal purposes the widest of... Clothing, and is also air pollution tolerant, chipmunks and raccoons red! Its namesake, the supple red branches of Red-osier dogwood ( Cornus stolonifera ) have used this plant for lovely! Medicine, but not very often throughout northern & western N. American damp... And can be held at any height with pruning, as do the uses, from social, to to! Coast, Native tribes to produce black, red Willow gets its name following its colour in.! Of leaves or barks namesake, the bark for medicinal purposes: Red-osier dogwood often! Herbs like bearberry, osha, and redstem dogwood with smooth, dark red, bark! Traditional combination of leaves or barks ( Hickman 1993 ) of leaves or barks latex threads appear at veins leaves!, chipmunks and raccoons include red osier dogwood twigs are used for treating malaria instead of most!, American dogwood, red Willow gets its name following its colour in winter the mixture,! ( stolonifera ) Mostly known as red osier dogwood ( Cornus stolonifera Michaux ( Hickman 1993 ) remains a or...

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